7 Types of Land Surveys: Order the Right Survey Type for Your Project

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When it comes to land development, finance, or simply owning property, the term “survey” is frequently thrown around. But, in reality, there are several types of land surveys, each serving distinct purposes.

If you’re in Penticton and seeking Survey Services Penticton, understanding these survey types is crucial to ensure you get the precise data your project requires. In this article, we’ll explore seven of the most commonly used land surveys.

Types of Land Surveys

1. ALTA/NSPS Land Title Surveys
For developers, builders, real estate firms, and lenders, ALTA/NSPS Land Title Surveys are indispensable. These surveys comprehensively document a property’s characteristics, including improvements, right-of-way, easements, boundaries, and restrictions. They adhere to rigorous national standards set by the American Land Title Association (ALTA) and National Society of Professional Surveyors (NSPS).

Regardless of your location in the United States, these surveys ensure consistent, reliable information. However, be prepared for these surveys to take several weeks or even months to complete.

2. Boundary Surveys
Boundary Surveys are fundamental for identifying and confirming a parcel’s corners and boundary lines, as required by state law. They may also include crucial details such as easement lines, encumbrances, and encroachments. This information is vital for realtors and homeowners. Local regulations govern these surveys, so understanding your area’s laws is essential. Typically, Boundary Surveys can be completed in a matter of days, depending on the parcel’s size.

3. Topographic Surveys
Topographic Surveys are invaluable for engineers, developers, and government agencies. They document both natural and man-made features on a property, including elevations, contours, streams, trees, utilities, and structures. Knowing your specific requirements in advance is crucial here, as skimping on features may lead to additional fieldwork and costs later on. Effective communication with your surveyor is key to avoiding such pitfalls.

4. Construction Staking
Construction Surveys are exactly as they sound: they stake out the ground to guide contractors and builders in placing roads, buildings, and utilities according to construction documents. Effective communication between engineers, surveyors, and contractors is paramount here, as the accuracy of these surveys can significantly impact project timelines and budgets.

5. As-Built Surveys
As-Built Surveys are vital in comparing proposed drawings to the actual construction in the field. Given the changes that often occur during construction, these surveys provide critical information about dimensions, geometries, materials, and more. Advanced survey technologies like laser scanning and drone-captured data enhance the precision of As-Built Surveys.

6. Route Surveys
Route Surveys are essential for transportation and energy/utility projects. Combining elements of Boundary and Topographic Surveys, they identify natural and man-made features, ownership, utilities, and more along a corridor. Completing a Route Survey can be time-consuming, depending on the project’s complexity.

7. Floodplain Surveys/Elevation Certifications
Floodplain Surveys are crucial in determining whether a property is located within a flood zone. This information is vital for developers, landowners, and site selectors. It can help in site feasibility assessments and, in the case of new construction, ensure structures are not built within a floodplain. Having a flood certification can also impact flood insurance requirements.

Choosing the right type of land survey is paramount to the success of your project. If you’re in Penticton, you can rely on Core Geomatics for Survey Services Penticton. Their experienced team understands the importance of various survey types and can guide you in selecting the most appropriate one for your specific needs. With their expertise, you can ensure that your project is built on a solid foundation of accurate survey data.

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